A Complete Guide to Vehicle RC

A Complete Guide to Vehicle RC

Whether you buy a two wheeler, a four wheeler or a commercial vehicle, one of the most important documents to have is your vehicle’s registration certificate (RC). As per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, it is illegal to drive a vehicle on the roads in India without a valid registration certificate. A vehicle’s registration certificate serves as a unique identification for the vehicle, and certifies that the vehicle is registered with the government of India and is under your ownership. To ensure that people comply with the rules and regulations, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) levies a hefty sum of Rs. 5,000 as penalty for first offence in case you are found to be driving without a registration certificate, and Rs. 10,000 for subsequent offences. Along with that, you can also be fined if you are found not carrying other vehicle related documents such as vehicle fitness certificate, insurance papers, Pollution Under Control (PUC) certificate, etc.

In a vehicle’s registration certificate, all relevant information related to the vehicle and the owner are mentioned. You can have a physical copy of the RC book with you, or can even have a digital copy of it stored from the government’s authorised portal in your DigiLocker account. In a vehicle’s registration certificate, the following information is available:

  • Registration number
  • Registration date
  • Chassis number
  • Engine number
  • Owner’s name
  • Vehicle class
  • Fuel type
  • Vehicle maker / vehicle model
  • Fitness / REGN expiry date
  • MV tax details
  • Insurance expiry date
  • PUCC expiry date
  • Emission norms
  • RC status
  • Whether the vehicle is financed or not

This information can be accessed through the government’s Parivahan Sewa online portal, that serves as a database of all the vehicle’s registered with the government nationwide. Through this portal you can also be privy to other information such as the vehicle’s blacklist status, and can check the online challan status of the vehicle through the vehicle’s registration number. It is a great means for people trying to buy a second hand vehicle and verify the vehicle’s information, and for people to remain updated about the challan status and document expiry status of their vehicle easily.

A vehicle’s registration certificate has a validity of 15 years, and can be renewed for every 5 years thereafter. To obtain your vehicle’s registration certificate, you can either go down to your zonal Regional Transport Office (RTO) and get your vehicle registered there, or you can ask your vehicle dealership to get your vehicle registered on your behalf. You can also register your vehicle online with the help of the government’s official Parivahan Sewa portal. To get your vehicle registered, you need to have the following documents in place:

  • Form 20
  • Form 21
  • Form 22
  • Form 22 – A
  • Copy of PAN card
  • Passport sized photographs
  • Purchase invoice of the vehicle
  • Address proof
  • Attested copy of vehicle insurance
  • Temporary registration details issued by the dealer
  • Valid identification proof

You also have the option to procure a duplicate copy of the registration certificate of your vehicle in case the original gets torn, misplaced or stolen. Along with that, one important point to keep in mind is that in case you shift to another state for a period of more than a year, or sell or purchase a second hand vehicle, you must timely transfer the ownership of the registration certificate.